D A Prince reviews a narrative collection by Carole Coates and admires both the story and the way it is told

Carole Coates 
Shoestring Press, 2016
ISBN 978-1-910323-49-6
90 pp.        £10

The Contents page with its list of titles might suggest that this is a conventional ‘collection’ of poems but that would be a misreading. Jacob is a narrative sequence, using the shifts in perspective within each poem to show how Jacob grows up, through the pace of pain, awkwardness, pleasure, incomprehension, acceptance, anger, the sourness of school. The reader watches, as from the inside, as a boy learns how members of his family fit – or might fit – together: their differences, their strengths and weaknesses. There is no explanation; everything just is, in the way that in childhood we take for granted the family we are born into, whatever it’s like. Questions might come later; there might, with luck, be answers, but these we will have to deduce. Coates understands the unevenness of growing up, those lurching emotions that follow no predetermined pattern, the way childhood perceptions are patchy and how this unique mix of understanding and guesswork continues to exert its influence on family relationships. She can see the chaos of detail that is family life when some elements are unspoken, disconnected; she takes the reader straight into Jacob’s view of a disordered world that is his only world.

Six unequal sections cover Jacob’s life, from birth (in 1948) to 2003, the year his mother dies. It’s a biography of emotions not of facts – and this is important to the structure: once Jacob has reached his late teens the reader is left to join up hints to create a possible map of his adult life. And isn’t that how it happens when we live in the middle of our own lives? Coates’ empathy with the wide-eyed, curious child places us, with him, in the centre.

His mother’s instability is there from the opening poem, where they are together in the garden, Jacob hiding in play while his mother calls

Jakey Jakey drink your egg and milk
otherwise you’ll die – you’ll die

Only a hint of control, her speech direct, as in later poems, but we see Jacob’s view of her –

she jumps her blouse out of her skirt
she jumps her face shiny and red
she jumps three birds from a tree
and they crackle and flap

It’s clear picture in a child’s voice; it’s the voice that Coates will allow to grow with the poems, the child’s-eye-view of a complex and sometimes dysfunctional world – but the only world he has. In ‘His people his place’ Coates gives a list of those people inside: Grandmother boiling a pig’s head in a black pot; Aunt Felicity banging her feet as the sewing machine makes a red dress; Mother putting her shoes in paper bags where all are equal and all activities are equal – and outside: Mr Foyle raking grass he likes bonfires better than digging, and the black coalman with his thundering sack. Beyond the garden lies the town, and a child’s view of bomb damage when he does not have the words for war –

someone has hurt this place   someone   trampling and huge

a house with no front       a house with no roof
and a bed                            and curtains blowing
and pink wallpaper

Here Coates let the spacing do the work of stumbling language, just as she shows, after Jacob has met Edna/Teddy (his cousin) who moves in with them, how the tightness of questions are bottled up within his body –

but who is she and where will she sleep?
and how long will she stay and why is she here?
and has she got a father and where is mine?
he doesn’t say any of this but the thing in his chest
has got up to his eyes and they’re spilling hot

Jacob grows and the details grow with him: Five Boys Chocolate bars, The Golden Egg chain, Quink Permanent Blue, Woolworths. School homework is shown by the scraps of detail and quotation running through his mind in parallel with sexual arousal and being mocked as the man made of books. Then a relationship with Edna/Terry, now an art student (His funny cousin)

for weeks it seems they’ve eaten cream crackers
with marmite and marmalade   they’ll have to go shopping
the cupboard’s bare and that friend of a friend
whose flat this is will come back one day soon
and ask where his rack of booze and cannabis stash have gone

Their shared past and family unites them, along with their need to escape –

If you have to paint my picture I don’t want a mad woman in it
he thinks of her mother    that little shrivelled figure
in splendid home-made dresses too scared to go into the street
who keep vanishing to be found days later wandering in Filey
I’m not going back there Jake    I’m not going to be like them

The final poem (‘He can do it all’) of the young-man section shows Jacob on a bus in Brighton and, with a very light touch, brings together the literary knowledge embedded in him and the future opening out before him –

Bliss   it was once to be in front   upstairs
on an open-top bus   bucking downhill  ...

he can do everything he wants    cope with it all
the world is all before him

This was August 1967; from the dates I calculate Jacob as nineteen. The next and final section jumps to 2003. Jacob is fifty-five, and all we know of the intervening thirty-six years comes from asides in the final poem ‘After she dies’ and from conversation with his wife as they try to make some sort of sense of the house his mother had died in.

What had she wanted from him? What had she ever wanted?
His wife replies Apart from your whole life? ...

The green moquette three-piece suite, new when he was nine
The radiogram in walnut from her father  -  when did that last work?

And plastic bags from Tesco, Netto, Lidl, Woolworths, BHS, and Marks and Spencer
Fifty six bags his wife says, all new stuff never worn  -  look we gave her these. 

And what has his life been? There’s the material side – Cambridge, a significant salary, the second home on Westray, all slipped as with seeming-casual reference – but it’s the relationship with his mother that matters most, and all his unanswered questions. It’s a fine concluding poem: yes, we ‘see’ the house, the mess, all the muddle of mother/son love and conflict, but underneath, gnawing at the reader, are the personal, private questions about how much this might reflect our own lives. Only a poet in perfect control of her material can achieve this, a fully inhabited narrative that is also, ultimately, a mirror. In Jacob the form and content are a unity and choosing quotations to give the best account of Coates’ distinctive style has been difficult: every line and every twist of perspective is quotable.

There was an early glimpse of this sequence when Coates won the Nottingham Open Poetry Competition in 2011 with one of these poems (‘Reading’). Good as it is, it gave only a small indication of the strength of writing shown in the full collection. With generosity she has dedicated this collection to the memory of Elizabeth Burns, a fellow poet who died last year. It’s a collection to be read uninterrupted, at one sitting, from the first page to the last, and then re-read over again.